(1977) recognises two climatic zones in Nigeria, the Northern zone and the Southern zone (Table 2), though a transitional zone is also mentioned. The particu- lar parameters used in the definition focus attention on the climatic and edaphic requirements of crops and on the management systems under which the crops are grown. The six zones was not entirely carved out based on geographic location, but rather states with similar ethnic groups, and/or common political history were classified in the same zone. Extreme analyses by Abatan et al. climatic zones in Nigeria. Nigeria is situated in four different climate zones. Sub humid zones make up 40% of the landmass; these areas are the Guinea savannah zones. A savanna climate, with marked wet and dry seasons, prevails in the north and west, while a steppe climate with little precipitation is found in the far north. Field verification of the map along major transects (such as roads) will enable the user to make an independent judgement about the precision of the maps. Sokoto (13.01˚N, 5.15˚E) and Maiduguri (11.51˚N, 13.05˚E) in Sahel Nigeria Major Climatic Zones K. M. Odunfa1*, C. J. Nnakwe1, V. O. Odunfa2 1Mechanical Engineering Department, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria 2Estate Management Department, The Polytechnic Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria Abstract Energy consumption in both residential and public buildings has been estab-lished globally as been significantly high. The climate is different in all the countries in the world. By climatic regions, Nigeria can be divided by 3 regions – the far south, far north, and the rest of the country. Chapter IV looks at the current and future impacts and vulnerabilities across these sectors in developing countries. (2016, 2017a) considered 21 stations distributed across all the climatic zones in Nigeria, but these studies are limited to trends in extreme temperature indices. Nigeria lies between latitude 40N and 14oN, and between longitude 20E and 150E. The data for this study were sourced from the Nigerian Meteorological Agency (NiMet), Gombe State Agricultural Development Program (GSADP), and Upper Benue River Basin Development Authority (UBRBDA). It has a total area of 923.77km2 and land mass coverage of 910.77km2.The synoptic stations chosen in this study takes into account the major climatic zones in the country. Methodology. Poor responses to these, in turn, open the door to conflict. The cooling load results obtained for the two different orienta- tions are as follows; 151.45 kW and 163.17 kW for Ibadan, Maiduguri: 164 kW and 175.78 kW, and 131.77 kW, 143.4 kW for Jos. The zones proposed by Godwin are adopted for the purpose of this study. In spite of fast population growth and expansion of urban area, travelers still have an opportunity to experience different types of forests. Nigeria has a great diversity in climatic zones. Email: iegbode@futa.edu.ng The study presents observed changes in climate extremes using daily precipitation and temperature data over 24 stations, covering the three climatic zones (Guinea coast, Savannah and Sahel) of Nigeria for the period 1971–2013. Moreover, each category is a unique ecosystem with its peculiar rules, wildlife, and huge natural potential. Annual Weather Averages in Birni-N'Konni. Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Country Climatic Zones Assigned To Afghanistan I, II II Kampuchea IV IV Algeria II, III II (a) Kazakstan I, II II Angola II, IV II Kenya II, IV IV ... Costa IV IV Nigeria IV IV Cuba IV IV Oman IV IV Dominican Republic IV IV Pakistan II, III, IV IV Dutch Antilles IV IV Panama IV IV ... ones classification.pdf Nigeria. Popoola et al ., [44] observed that Moringa oleifera from different climatic zones in Nigeria … Drought is a recurrent phenomenon in northern Nigeria and its vagaries affect the fortune of the predomi-nantly farming population. If the rainfall is inadequate or … 1.1 What characteristics do we use to differentiate between one climatic zone and another? However, its characteristics vary significantly from one region to anoth-er. Prove or disprove this statement. NIGERIA country report 8 1.2PLANT DIVERSITY Nigeria has a wide diversity of habitats, from arid areas to swamps through many types of forests. This comes in an era in which Africa’s coastline population will be at risk from sea level rise and coastal flooding over the coming decades. responses to climatic shifts create shortages of resources such as land and water. Associated with the varied zones is an array of plant and animal species. “The climate is semi-arid and arid in the north. Stability studies of the pharmaceutical drug should be done according to the climatic conditions of the country. Climatic zones have been reported to have effect on plant biodiversity and differences in chemical profiles of same species of a plant [43]. It is hot and wet most of the year in the southeast but dry in the southwest and farther inland. Results show common change points and transitions from dry to wet (upward Comfort Index Moringa oleifera from place to place [42]. Reason for the Zones. Definition and storage conditions for the four climatic zones Climatic zone Definition Storage condition I II III IV temperate climate subtropical and Mediterranean climates hot, dry climate hot, humid climate 21°C/45% r.h. 25°C/60% r.h. 30°C/35% r.h. 30°C/70% r.h. 1. The most significant climatic change that has occurred has been a long-term reduction in rainfall in … A survey was conducted in farmers’ fields in Nigeria during the 1990 cropping season to determine the prevalence of sorghum diseases in the four major sorghum‐growing climatic zones (Sahel, Sudan, northern Guinea, and southern Guinea). 3. Research Article Analysis of Global Solar Irradiance over Climatic Zones in Nigeria for Solar Energy Applications AdekunleAyodotunOsinowo, 1 EmmanuelChilekwuOkogbue, 2 StephenBunmiOgungbenro, 2 andOlugbengaFashanu 3 Department of Marine Science and Technology, Federal University of Technology, PMB , Akure , Nigeria • Drawing lines of causation between climate change and conflict in specific areas of Nigeria Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. Polynomials were developed to represent the predicted climatic variation parameters of some parts of Nigeria, as case study. The selected locations considered within major Nigerian climatic zones are Ibadan in the South West, Jos in the middle belt and Maiduguri in the North East. and biodiversity and coastal zones. Climatic Zone Komolafe (1988) and Godwin (1988) proposed four climatic zones for building design in Nigeria. According to the Koppen climate classification , Nigeria has four climatic zones: the warm desert climate in the northeast, the warm semiarid climate in the other parts of the north, the monsoon climate in the Niger-Delta, and the tropical savannah climate in the middle belt and parts of the southwest. Generally, drought occurrence, erratic rainfall distribution and shift in economic fortunes, all combine to impact on the environment. Agro-ecological zones and soils • three major agro-ecological regions which are primarily based on rainfall characteristics but also incorporate soils and other climatic characteristics –Regions I:Semi-arid includes southern, eastern and western areas. Statistical methods were utilized to justify any change in the average monthly and annual rainfall trend using probability density function and non-parametric tests such as the Pettitt test, Wilcoxon signed-rank test and paired sample test. climatic data and reported cases of malaria spanning a period of eight years (2001 to 2008) from two ecological zones in Ghana (Ejura and Winneba in the transition and coastal savannah zones respectively), to determine the association between malaria cases, temperature and rainfall patterns and the potential climatic zones in northern Nigeria. Fig. Significant differences in nymphal development period and fecundity were observed between five populations of Cicadulina mbila (Naudé) and C. triangula Ruppel from three climatic zones in Nigeria: rain forest (Ibadan), southern part of Sudan savanna (Kadawa, Kano) and the Jos Plateau. 8 ABBREVIATIONS APESS - Association pour la promotion de l’Élevage au Sahel et en Savane Remote Sensing and Vegetation Mapping Different methods are used for collecting land use and land cover information which can be used for vegetation mapping depending on the degree of detail required for the specific project (Leak and Venugopal, 1990). Using frequently travelled routes, the feasibility of the mapped agroecological belts as major agroecological zones (MAZ) can easily be demonstrated. According to the ICH guidelines for stability studies, the climate of the world is divided into five different zones. 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