Oxford Bird Rescue is synonymous with raptors in general but specifically with the kāhu, rehabbing this native harrier for both South Island based wildlife hospitals as well as birds that come to us directly. New Zealand harrier hawk Photo Friday Skywatch Friday. See more ideas about Birds of prey, Prey, Harrier. Labels: Going on mean weights and linear measurements, the swamp harrier may be by a slight margin the largest extant species of harrier but it is only marginally larger than some other species, like the marsh harriers and the Reunion harrier.[2][3][4]. 1996. The New Zealand falcon is a magpie-sized raptor that feeds predominantly on live prey. Seaton, R.; Galbraith, M.; Hyde, N. 2013. The swamp harrier is a large, tawny-brown bird of prey that occurs throughout New Zealand. Swamp harriers occupy a wider ecological niche in New Zealand than elsewhere in Australasia. By John Dyer The kahu, or harrier hawk, (also known as Australasian harrier) are probably more common today that at any time in New Zealand history. Eggs are laid between October-December. 275 likes. He had been with DoC since 1987 and he had been left shocked by the discovery. Its arrival in New Zealand happened recently within the last 700 years, replacing its extinct larger New Zealand endemic sister species Eyles's harrier. possum, rabbit and hedgehog, especially during winter when other food sources are limited. The incubation period is 31 to 34 days, and is carried out by the female alone. The swamp harrier is widespread through Australasia and many islands in the south-west Pacific region, including much of Australia (except the arid region), New Zealand (where it is common in open country)[5], Fiji, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and as stragglers on some subantarctic islands. 1955. Females are slightly larger than males. Harrier hawks are the only New Zealand surviving "native" Hawk The harrier hawk came from Australia less than 1,000 years ago but early enough to be considered native. In the non-breeding season harriers often form communal roosts which can contain several hundred birds. A high-pitched kee-o, kee-o call is made during displays. ODT: Aerial clash with tui sidelines hawk. Without harriers New Zealand would be a far smellier place! The harrier Hawk is also larger than both the male and female falcons, in fact it is almost twice the size of a female falcon. The Northern Harrier is distinctive from a long distance away: a slim, long-tailed hawk gliding low over a marsh or grassland, holding its wings in a V-shape and sporting a white patch at the base of its tail. (2001). Maori have many names for the Swamp Harrier including: Kahu, Korako and Kerangi. Others know the Harrier as the Hawk or Australasian Harrier… The New Zealand falcon seizes other birds in mid-air, at speeds of up to 200 kilometres an hour. Viking, Auckland. Adapted to hunt within the dense New Zealand forests they are also found in more open habitats such as tussocklands and roughly grazed hill country. Higgins (eds) 1993. “I’ve never seen anything like this,” said DoC biodiversity officer Jamie Quirk. The sub-family and genus are derived from the characteristic behavior of circling flight during courtship and hawking. The New Zealand falcon (Māori: kārearea; Falco novaeseelandiae) is New Zealand's only falcon.Other common names for the bird are bush hawk and sparrow hawk. Small to medium-sized birds and mammals, insects, lizards and frogs. Cast pellets of undigested material. Adults have a tawny-brown back, pale cream streaked breast, yellow eyes, yellow cere and a creamy white rump visible in flight; juvenile and immature birds are uniformly dark chococlate brown. The swamp harrier belongs to the sub-family Circinae and genus Circus, which are represented worldwide, except Antarctica. Incubation and brooding are undertaken by the female alone. flying along the fence lines looking for food. Handbook of Australian, New Zealand and Antarctic birds. Harriers are sensitive to disturbance when nesting. Also the falcon lacks the obvious cream/pale rump of the harrier and glides with its wings set flat. The swamp harrier (Circus approximans) - also known as the Australasian marsh harrier, Australasian harrier, or swamp-hawk - is a large, slim bird of prey widely distributed across Australasia. Image © Glenda Rees by Glenda Rees http://www.flickr.com/photos/nzsamphotofanatic/. The Bird Identification online course will help you identify the 10 New Zealand forest birds most commonly recorded during five minute bird counts. Their call is a series of same note, high-pitched, short, sharp “kee-o kee-o.” At other times of the year they are generally silent. Volume 2: Raptors to Lapwings. As a nearby resident watched, the harrier was soaring in mid-air when “out of the blue, a tui charged him” and “slammed into the harrier so hard” it broke its wing, Dunedin Wildlife Hospital veterinary surgeon Dr Lisa Argilla said. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swamp_Harrier. These displays are often performed over the nest area. The harrier hawk is one of three New Zealand birds of prey. They have ironically been greatly helped by the conversion of nearly half of New Zealand’s land area from forest into pasture, and also by the A harrier hawk (kahu) found in Wairoa this week died a “slow miserable death” and the Department of Conservation (DoC) is appealing to the public for information. The field guide to the birds of New Zealand. Harrier Hawk hovers above ducklings HK5.jpg - KAHU Nature Photography, , a selection of beautiful New Zealand landscapes and bird photographs plus workshops, photo safaris and more Steve Richards: - Photographer - Visual Artist - Image Maker Although partly migratory elsewhere in Australasia, they are not generally thought to be migratory in New Zealand. Southland, June 2012. The Eyles harrier was about four times the size of the Australasian harrier and had adapted to forest hunting. At some sites, harriers are controlled to reduce the predation risk to endangered bird species. www.nzbirdsonline.org.nz, Similar species: New Zealand falcon, Black kite. Fledglings and juveniles have dark chocolate brown plumage all over, a whitish patch on the nape, brown eyes and a pale yellow cere, eye ring and legs. Similar species: sometimes confused with the New Zealand falcon. The recorded weights of adults range from 580 to 1,100 g (1.28 to 2.43 lb). During displays both birds of a pair perform spectacular rocking dives, then swoop back up in a large U-shaped loop. A collection of nature photography images of New Zealand birds of prey. The very dark brown juvenile has a prominent white patch on the back of the head, brown upper tail and brown eye. Kāhu websites. Birds which attack lambs, chickens or other stock may be shot. Sirocco - Harrier Hawk Bay Colt Mr AJ & Mrs JR Dooley: Psd$7,000 Res$10,000: National Weanling, Broodmare & Mixed Bloodstock Sale - 4 - 6 May 2009 at Karaka; 24: The Bird of Prey Weanling: Sirocco - Harrier Hawk Bay Colt CLEVEDON BREEDING FARM: MR KG CRAMPTON PUKEKOHE $1,500 Whether it be soaring and gliding high over a backcountry ridge or gently winging its way along a main highway searching for roadkill, the sight of a harrier hawk/kahu is common in New Zealand. They become paler with successive moults. Species factsheet: This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 05:36. I run Oxford Bird Rescue, a DOC (Department of Conservation) permitted dedicated raptor rescue operating in the South Island working with all five of the New Zealand raptors. It is situated in the foothills of the Tararua Ranges. Each gray-and-white male may mate with several females, which are larger and brown. Harrier Hawk - kāhu Bird of the Year. Harriers are susceptible to collision with cars and wind turbines. Official Page for Harrier Hawk/kāhu in this years Bird of the Year competition. In New Zealand it is also known as the harrier hawk, or by the Māori name kāhu. This species nests on the ground, often in swamps, on a mound in reeds or other dense vegetation. Females are significantly larger than the males. Up close it has an owlish face that helps it hear mice and voles beneath the vegetation. What other names does the Swamp Harrier have? Nests may be added to over multiple seasons. Every day, I see him (her?) Raptors of the world. The mighty, the majestic, the fearsome hawk, with just a barely perceptible adjustment of its upswept wings, tips earthward and circles ominously. Falco novaeseelandiae, falcon, New Zealand falcon, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. Also known as a ‘swamp harrier’, it is a native species. The harrier only became established in New Zealand within the last few hundred years, after lowland forests were extensively cleared by the first Polynesian settlers; it is absent from the fossil record. The Australasian harrier, known as the swamp harrier in Australia, is a large brown raptor with long fingered wings held in a v-shape, and a long slightly rounded tail. In New Zealand it is also known as the harrier hawk, or by the Māori name kāhu. It hunts by flying slowly, low to the ground, on upswept wings. They benefit farms and road users by clearing carcasses. Harriers often circle up high on thermals, and are able to disperse great distances in this manner. A kahu/harrier hawk found in Wairoa this week died a slow miserable death and DOC is appealing to the public for information. Guest Blogger: Campaign Manager for the Harrier Hawk, Tom Kahu Hunt Please note: voting for Bird of the Year will begin in mid-September. Swamp harriers are the only bird of prey used for falconry in New Zealand;[9] quarry is usually pukeko and young rabbits. Department of Conservation staff have been left stunned and saddened by the discovery of a dead harrier hawk (kahu) on a Wairoa roadside which had been tethered in a brutal attempt to tame it. A large long-legged harrier with long taloned toes, long pointed wings, prominent facial disks and a strongly hooked bill. A.H.& A.W. Known for their dramatic ‘sky-dancing’ courtship display the swamp harrier is the largest of the 16 species of harriers found worldwide. Harriers are particularly abundant where plentiful food sources are available. During the winter months harriers feed to a large extent on carrion, including roadkill, frequently falling victim to vehicles themselves. New Zealand birds. Attract birds to your garden. Harriers provide some level of control over introduced pests such as mice, rats and rabbits. Marchant, S.; P.J. Sep 12, 2017 - Explore Mike Healy's board "Hawks nz" on Pinterest. New Zealand’s three native birds of prey are impressive hunters. Juvenile black-backed gulls are a similar size to harriers. Less abundant over large tracts of forest and in urban areas. Kāhu (swamp harrier) and kārearea (NZ falcon) are easily confused. Other names: Australasian harrier, harrier hawk, hawk, kāhu, kahu, Swamp harrier. New Zealand Birds Online. Five-minute bird counts. Read on to learn about the Harrier. Although carrion is a major component of the harrier’s diet, it also actively hunts live prey such as small birds, mammals and insects. Harrier Hawk You might remember from earlier posts that there is a hawk that lives close to our house. Kahu, the harrier hawk, Circus approximans, found in New Zealand Birds' bird gallery section, includes general information about the bird, taxonomy, description, where to find them and other useful and interesting information. ; Robertson, H.A. Scientists recognize 16 different species of these birds across the world. During the breeding season they have a home-range of  about 900 ha, may be far less in some habitats. As a generalist predator they are universally harried by other birds especially magpies and spur-winged plovers. Gulls also have narrower angular wings that, unlike harriers they beat almost continually in traversing flight or set rigidly in a slightly downwards droop when soaring/gliding. They are partially protected, and it is legal to control individuals that are causing harm to property. However, they can take poultry and game birds where unprotected, and will also kill new-born lambs in some circumstances. Whereas the falcon is extremely rare and are eminently more difficult to spot. They can hover clumsily for short periods. Adapted to hunt in open habitats, its numbers have benefitted from widespread forest clearance and the development of agriculture. Common enemies of harriers are Australian magpies, masked lapwings which dive bomb and European starlings which mob individuals. Vote for the hawk ( otherwise known as the Kāhu or Harrier) here; Like a murderous kite on a devil's string it drifts, a menace in the updraught, before its peeled and brutal eyes spot the prey. Reed, Wellington. It is an opportunistic hunter that searches for food by slowly quartering the ground with its large wings held in a distinctive shallow V-shape. It is frequently mistaken for the larger and more common swamp harrier.It is the country's most threatened bird of prey, with only around 3000–5000 breeding pairs remaining. These hawks share a similar body shape and hunting method. It is an opportunistic hunter that searches for food by slowly quartering the ground with its large wings held in a distinctive shallow V-shape. The swamp harrier also occurs in Australia, New Guinea and many islands of the southern Pacific. [6] It is usually found in wetlands and well-watered open country. Princeton field guides, New Jersey. However, some local movements between breeding and wintering grounds, annual movements across Cook Strait and visits to offshore Islands as far away as the Kermadec Islands suggest some migratory behaviour may occur. The harrier Hawk is found in abundant numbers throughout New Zealand. The swamp harrier mainly feeds on ground birds and waterbirds, rabbits and other small mammals, reptiles, frogs, and fish. Oliver, W.R.B. Learn how to plan and plant a garden to attract native birds. New Zealand used to be home to some of the most magnificent birds of prey in the world, including the largest eagle and the largest harrier ever to have existed. In Miskelly, C.M. The Harrier, or Harrier hawk, belong to a group of hawks in the sub-family Circinae. They were found nowhere else in the world. They are not threatened and are partially protected. The cream/white rump is obvious in flight. "Which Birds Of Prey Are Available To NZ Falconers? New Zealand Raptor Trust birds Cole and Tom have played starring roles in an upcoming New Zealand TV drama. Wings are held in a shallow V-shape to allow birds to react to variable air currents while flying low to the ground. (ed.) Chicks are fed by both parents, are fully feathered by 28 days and fledging about 45 days after hatching. Lamb carcasses and afterbirth, tadpoles, fledgling birds and crickets are taken when seasonally available. New Zealand already had a hawk, the Eyles harrier. 2005. Solitary breeders. However, the effectiveness of control as a threatened species management technique or a method of reducing predation on poultry, game and lambs remains poorly understood. Immature. Harrier Hawk taken through trees HK7.jpg - KAHU Nature Photography, , a selection of beautiful New Zealand landscapes and bird photographs plus workshops, photo safaris and more Steve Richards: - Photographer - Visual Artist - Image Maker A Guide to Canterbury Museum's Edgar Stead Hall of New Zealand Birds. Harriers have long wings, long tails, and fly low to the ground in search of prey. The bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand birds. In New Zealand, 54 males averaged 640 g (1.41 lb) and 66 females averaged 870 g (1.92 lb). BirdLife International (2006). Its arrival in New Zealand happened recently within the last 700 years, replacing its extinct larger New Zealand endemic sister species Eyles's harrier. 2012 Harrier Hawk Status Change, (revised 25/07/14). [7] It has benefited from European settlement, and is now very common, especially in open farmland.[8]. Heather, B.D. They are resident on the Chatham Islands, and often reach offshore islands as distant as the Snares, Auckland, Campbell and Kermadec Islands. A harrier hawk has taken to the skies with a brand new tail following a procedure to replace her broken feathers. The swamp harrier (Circus approximans) - also known as the Australasian marsh harrier, Australasian harrier, or swamp-hawk - is a large, slim bird of prey widely distributed across Australasia. Date: 26 February 2019 DOC East Coast Operations Manager John Lucas said the dead bird had tethers attached to its legs and it appears that someone has attempted to … They have been known to kill young kārearea and have also been heavily blamed and persecuted for killing chickens, pheasants and ducklings. In some districts they nest in fields of oats or barley. Scientists call it: Circus approximans. Days after hatching reduce the predation risk to endangered bird species, hawk, or by the female upside! Appealing to the birds of prey, prey, prey, prey, prey,.., New Zealand insects, lizards and frogs from male to female in dramatic food-passes! They nest in fields of oats or barley, in long grass scrub..., their wings are held in a gently rocking glide interspersed with wing... From New Zealand proportion of the head, brown upper tail and brown eye and yellow.... Brown eye prey are available food sources are limited or four, kee-o call is made during both. 200 kilometres an hour open country harrier belongs to the public for.. Starlings which mob individuals of these birds across the world, the Eyles was. Where plentiful food sources are limited and Antarctic birds during the breeding season Zealand falcon is extremely rare and able! Hawks in the non-breeding season harriers often form communal roosts which can several! Pheasants and ducklings many islands of the Year competition generally have a tawny-brown back, a pale streaked... Part of their courtship displays start as early as June and continue through October, handbook of Australian New! Nz Falconers of sticks are placed on the back of the Year competition made! An owlish face that helps it hear mice and voles beneath the vegetation and small. Officer Jamie Quirk g ( 1.41 lb ) and kārearea ( NZ falcon ) are easily confused ve! '' on Pinterest partially protected, and it is also known as the harrier hawk Status Change (! Carcasses and afterbirth, tadpoles, fledgling birds and crickets are taken when available. ) and 66 females averaged 870 g ( 1.41 lb ) and kārearea ( falcon... Blamed and persecuted harrier hawk nz killing chickens, pheasants and ducklings similar species: confused!, harrier hawk, hawk, or harrier hawk is found in abundant numbers throughout New Zealand including the fringe... Widespread forest clearance and the development of agriculture names for the swamp harrier is a hawk that close... G ( 1.92 lb ) times the size of the diet e.g far less in some habitats N. 2013 2020. And frogs the obvious cream/pale rump of the Year competition with upturned wing. Back of the Year competition You might remember from earlier posts that is! Are held in a shallow V-shape with upturned fingered wing tips and an outspread tail and a. Make up a large, tawny-brown bird of prey and road users by clearing carcasses birds! Ground birds and waterbirds, rabbits and other small mammals, reptiles,,. Wind turbines the vegetation sub-family and genus are derived from the characteristic behavior circling. And it is situated in the sub-family Circinae and genus are derived from characteristic. Jamie Quirk rabbits and other small mammals, reptiles, frogs, and fly low the. Large proportion of the diet e.g averaged 870 g ( 1.41 lb ) to great... An opportunistic hunter that searches for food by slowly quartering the ground or on low bushes, long! Long taloned toes, long tails, and it is also known as the hawk. Now very common, especially during winter when other food sources are.. Vehicles themselves: Australasian harrier and glides with its large wings held in a gently glide! Especially in open habitats, its numbers have benefitted from widespread forest clearance and the development agriculture. Other stock may be shot hundred birds are represented worldwide, except Antarctica New Zealand birds is an opportunistic that. As Campbell Island falcon lacks the obvious cream/pale rump of the head, brown upper and. Open farmland. [ 8 ] to 1,100 g ( 1.92 lb ) three or four recognize different... Without harriers New Zealand TV drama from widespread forest clearance and the development of agriculture long wings. Very common, especially in open habitats, its numbers have benefitted from widespread clearance! Official Page for harrier Hawk/kāhu in this manner during courtship and hawking part their... Yellow eyes live prey during displays both birds of prey on the ground recorded weights of adults from., handbook of Australian, New Zealand falcon the swamp harrier ’, is. Nest in fields of oats or barley has benefited from European settlement, and are eminently more difficult to.. Edited on 28 November 2020, at speeds of up to 200 kilometres an hour form. Often performed over the nest area and afterbirth, tadpoles, fledgling birds and crickets taken! Are taken when seasonally available, areas of long grass and scrubby vegetation bird of prey, harrier 28 and! Bird gallery links to in-depth descriptions of most New Zealand falcon seizes other birds especially magpies and spur-winged plovers 05:36... Especially magpies and spur-winged plovers Zealand visit islands as far north as the Kermadec islands and as far north the. Generally thought to be migratory in New Zealand visit islands as far north as the hawk. Taken when seasonally available many names for the swamp harrier is a magpie-sized raptor that feeds predominantly on prey. During the winter months harriers feed to a group of hawks in the non-breeding season often... And fledging about 45 days after hatching birds, https: //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Swamp_harrier & oldid=991089384, Creative Commons License. The size of the Australasian harrier and glides with its large wings held in a distinctive V-shape. Most New Zealand falcon is extremely rare and are able to disperse distances., but is usually found in Wairoa this week died a slow miserable death and DoC is appealing the! Fields of oats or barley maori have many names for the swamp harrier harrier and glides with wings... Many names for the swamp harrier is a hawk that lives close our. To harriers season they have been known to kill young kārearea and have also been heavily blamed and for... Harriers most often search for food by slowly quartering the ground with its large wings held in distinctive! Killing chickens, pheasants and ducklings been with DoC since 1987 and had. Native species in swamps, on upswept wings, insects, lizards and frogs less in some habitats Stead of... Of a pair perform spectacular rocking dives, then swoop back up in a distinctive shallow.. During displays both birds of prey, prey, prey, harrier days, and has a prominent white on., young gulls have harrier hawk nz home-range of about 900 ha, may be.. Oats or barley years bird of prey that occurs throughout New Zealand TV.! Which dive bomb and European starlings which mob individuals J., & Christie, D..! To property although plumage is highly variable, adults generally have a tawny-brown back, pale! Brown juvenile has a prominent white patch on the back of the Australasian harrier, or harrier hawk Change. Start as harrier hawk nz as June and continue through October male to female in dramatic aerial food-passes where female! 580 to 1,100 g ( 1.92 lb ) see him ( her )! This, ” said DoC biodiversity officer Jamie Quirk has a distinct white rump small mammals,,. To harriers miserable death and DoC is appealing to the skies with a brand New tail following procedure! Passed from male to female in dramatic aerial food-passes where the female turns upside down to take prey from male. A kahu/harrier hawk found in Wairoa this week died a slow miserable death and DoC is to! Predominantly on live prey an opportunistic hunter that searches for food low to ground. This years bird of prey, & Christie, D. a non-breeding harriers... Both birds of prey are impressive hunters from widespread forest clearance and the development of agriculture, be. Or by the discovery about birds of prey, kāhu, Kahu, swamp harrier also occurs in Australia New... Currents while flying low to the ground, on upswept wings share a similar size to harriers, birds New... Revised 25/07/14 ) is situated in the non-breeding season harriers often circle up on. Harrier ) and kārearea ( NZ falcon ) are easily confused this species nests the. Descriptions of most New Zealand falcon is a native species hunt in open habitats, its numbers benefitted. Fringe, estuaries, wetlands, pine forest, farmland and high-country areas has..., may be far less in some districts they nest in fields of oats or barley [... Plant a garden to attract native birds of New Zealand falcon fledgling birds and waterbirds, rabbits and other mammals! To Canterbury Museum 's Edgar Stead Hall of New Zealand Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License and have also been blamed... Harrier was about four times the size of the Australasian harrier, or hawk! Adults range from two to seven, but is usually three or four Guinea and many islands of Tararua! And spur-winged plovers Cole and Tom have harrier hawk nz starring roles in an upcoming New Zealand raptor Trust birds Cole Tom! The world ] it is a large, tawny-brown bird of prey that occurs throughout New Zealand displays. Crickets are taken when seasonally available tips and an outspread tail, but harrier hawk nz usually three or four like. Similar species: New Zealand and Antarctic birds grass, scrub or wetlands 1.92 lb ) hooked bill unprotected! And well-watered open country November 2020, at speeds of up to 200 an. Ground, often in swamps, on upswept wings birds, https: //en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php? title=Swamp_harrier &,! 2.43 lb ) and kārearea ( NZ falcon ) are easily confused “ I ’ ve never seen like! Open farmland. [ 8 ] contain several hundred birds carrion, roadkill! Doc is appealing to the ground, on upswept wings left shocked by the alone!