Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. Newars are one of the major castes of Nepal. Newars are di­vided in­ter­nally into dis­tinct cul­tural groups of over 25 oc­cu­pa­tion… Hinduism is formed of diverse traditions and has no single founder. The caste system has played an influential role in Nepal’s social, economic, and political landscape. There are three major communities in Nepal's caste-oriented society -Khas, Newar and Maithil. To be more specific in classification, Thagadhari, Matwali, Pani Nachalne Choichto Halnu Naparne and the Pani Nachalne Choichto Halnu Parne were created. Das or Dash being 10 in Nepali, dashnami includes people having 10 last names (Surnames/family names). Like many countries, since March 24, 2020, Nepal has adopted a countrywide lockdown as a primary measure of controlling the transmission of COVID-19. Iijima, Shigeru. Various native ethnic groups inhabit scattered in many places of Nepal. In this system, the … Hindu is the dominant religion in Nepal with Buddhism also dominating portions of the ethnic groups. There are about 70 castes, Buddhist as well as Hindu, covering approximately the same spectrum as the caste system of India. Children who spoke Nepali natively and who were exposed to Sanskrit had much better chances of passing the national examinations at the end of high school, which meant they had better employment prospects and could continue into higher education. It is not a phenomenon of recent emergence. Endogamy carves out ethnic groups in Nepal. Order in Paradox: Myth, Ritual and Exchange among Nepal's Tamang, 1989. Dalits are routinely denied access to religious sites, they face resistance to inter-caste marriages, refusal by non-Dalits to handle water touched by them and many other forms of discrimination. Caste discrimination is the shame of modern Nepal, and those are just a few examples. Based on words from Prithvi Narayan (founder of the Shah dynasty) there are 4 Varnas (main groups) and 36 castes in Nepal. The Newar population of Nepal was estimated to be about 1,250,000 in the early 21st century. Size of various ethnic/caste groups in the total population was hardly known. Language: Rai people speak their own mother language ‘Rai’. Ethnic groups in Nepal are a product of both the colonial and state-building eras of Nepal. Based upon the 2011 census, the major languages spoken in Nepal are Nepali , Maithili and Bhojpuri. Brahmin and Chhetri women have experienced less social and economic mobility compared to Newari women. THE caste system is a classification of several hereditary groups of hierarchical social class. Densely Rai populated district of Nepal are: Khotang, Solukhumbu, Bhojpur, Udaypur, Okhaldhunga. Hinduism is often referred to as Sanatana Dharma (a Sanskrit phrase meaning "the eternal law") by its adherents. Later Ram Certain racial groups are strictly denied rights or benefits, or receive preferential treatment. Feudalism was a set of political and military customs in medieval Europe that flourished between the ninth and fifteenth centuries. Nepal has been since long known as a multi-ethnic, multilingual and multicultural country. 12 Feb, 2016 in SOCIETY. A title of certain legislatures, especially in those countries whose system of government is based on the Westminster system modelled after that of the United Kingdom. Today, even after the end of a 10-year-old Maoist conflict, the upper caste dominates every field in Nepal. These are words that are used to describe a class of Nepalese people known as the Dalits. Hinduism is the predominant and indigenous religious tradition of South Asia. In Nepal, as nearly everywhere in India, everyone knows what caste or ethnic group he or she belongs to (Gellner 2007:1823). The Newar have a wide range of occupations. Buddha was borned in Lumbini, Southern part of Nepal. It refers to a supernatural power or powers regarded as creator and governor of the universe. This history of exclusion coupled with poor prospects for improvement created grievances that encouraged many in ethnic communities such as Madhesi, Tharu and Kham Magar to support the Unified Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist) and various other armed Maoist opposition groups such as the JTMM during and after the Nepalese Civil War. The caste system is divided into four folds which are Brahman (priests and scholars), Kshatriya (warriors), Vaisya (merchants and traders), and Sudra (laborers). In Nepal, group of caste … Influenced by Hindu caste systems and originating from Indo-Aryans. They do have their own customs, traditions and culture. The Gorakha's are also Yadav's (but many of them have forgotten their Yadav lineage). A caste is an elaborate and complex social system that combines elements of occupation, endogamy, culture, social class, tribe affiliation and political power. Among many such traditions, there exists one in which a young and living goddess is worshipped; Kumari. Rai caste is one of listed ethnic group of Nepal. Over the last few weeks, I have seen many opinions on social websites and electronic media concerning the merits of reservation (affirmative action) for different caste or ethnic groups. [2], Since Nepal's unification, various indigenous languages have come under threat of extinction as the government of Nepal has marginalized their use through strict policies designed to promote Nepali as the official language. The Dalits live at the bottom of Nepal’s traditional social order, known as the caste system, a 2000-year-old Hindu custom that violates civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights by many international standards. It includes a set of beliefs, values, and practices based on the teachings of a spiritual leader. Progress has be… This group pre­sents a com­pli­cated so­cial struc­ture, not only re­flect­ing the model of four Hindu varna cat­e­gories, but is also clearly di­vided into two dis­tinct re­li­gious groups: the Hindu and the Bud­dhist. The actual … The four Varnas in Nepal: 1. Untouchable. [4][5][6][7][8], Bahun and Chhetri castes form the historical topmost state elites' circle with the significant majority of leadership in executive, legislative, judicial, constitutional, local administrative bodies, bureaucracy, political parties and social organizations. 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