RIGHTS THEORY. Dr Outhwaite highlighted the leverage that states have, to influence their suppliers (and their human rights agenda), given their significant purchasing power; and the long-established precedent that exists for the use of government procurement as a tool to promote social policies. Massey and the Upper Big Branch had little respect and consideration over the concerns and immunity rights as per the ethical theory that enables employees to have certain powers over a normative situation. "Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories." During the post-enlightenment period in the West, utilitarian ethics as normative ethics were to form the blueprint for the long desired social justice in the West and philosophers consider it as the background of the modern moral philosophy. The Long Road to Business and Human Rights Reform: Law, Policy and Social Justice in the Cotton Fields of Uzbekistan; Dr. Types of Teleological Ethical Theories. The theories of business ethics can be divided into two categories: 1. ⏰ Let's see if we can help you! If you are the copyright owner of this paper and no longer wish to have your work published on IvyPanda. Before the occurrence of the tragedy, the federal government claimed that the company had already received warning more than fifty times in the previous month alone and many of the Massey Energy’s coal companies had poor safety records. John Locke (1632 - 1704) Based off the principles and beliefs of John Locke, a 17 th century English philosopher, Locke’s Rights Ethics is one of the four major ethical theories that has shaped today’s society. 2019. professional specifically for you? In the fire tragedy of January 2006, Massey Company and its Upper Big Branch failed to fix the conveyor belt that caused fire, there were accumulations of combustible materials, and there was the absence of carbon monoxide monitors. Retrieved from https://ivypanda.com/essays/business-ethics-utilitarianism-rights-justice-caring-and-virtue-theories/. IvyPanda. IvyPanda. (2019) 'Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories'. Journal of Unification Studies, 12(1), 41-56. Copyright © 2020 - IvyPanda is a trading name of Edustream Technologies LLC, a company registered in Wyoming, USA. The theory of care postulates that individuals should relate within the ethics of care where moral significant and individual ethical behavior are fundamental elements of building dependencies and relationships in human life (Noda, 2011). Your email address will not be published. A deadening explosion had cleaved through the underground coalmine and unfortunately trapped an unidentified number of shift miners inside the mine. As such, they are bound by codes ofconduct promulgated by professional societies. We will write a custom Essay on Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page. Ciulla, J. This was followed by a good look at the EU Directive on whistleblower protection – based on in-depth document analysis – and how it relates to freedom, security and autonomy. In the wide sense of moral soundness, good leadership associates with good ethics where integrity, transparency, and moral obligations related to competence, justice, duty, and the great goodness (Ciulla, 2004). The ethics of care stipulate that individuals should be capable of, if necessary, meeting the demands of others and themselves in a mutual rapport. Kit Barton, Principal Lecturer in Leadership, Management & Ethics, Regent’s University London. Journal of Medical Ethics, 29(1), 297-302. The rights theory serves based on positions of justice and rights that consider moral leadership as that which entails just treatment and respect towards individual rights The rights theory of business ethics rests upon the notion that all individuals possess the right towards life and thus they should be treated with the highest respect and dignity required. However, it is important to consider the logical reasoning that resulted in the formation of the care theory that most probably outdoes all other business ethics theories. Stuart Mill further comprehended the utilitarian idea by explaining that cultural, intellectual, and even spiritual pleasures are more valuable than the physical pleasures. (2004). Your privacy is extremely important to us. Organizations and their leadership should thus uphold the required business ethical principles that consider human rights as part of their core ideology of the business foundations. Social rights are widely recognized in developed nations nowadays. It gives an overview of some practical tools and frameworks that organisations can use to minimise the risk of human rights abuses in all their operations, including some recent examples of good practice. Previous records in 2006 indicated similar problems at the company. This essay on Business Ethics: Utilitarianism, Rights, Justice, Caring, and Virtue theories was written and submitted by your fellow student. Lord Hastings set the scene with a thought-provoking talk on WHAT are we talking about, when we talk about human rights, in this era of digitisation, when most consequential decision are (soon to be) made by computers? on M&As or disposals). The mining company used certain cars to ferry miners in and out of the mine entrance during the shift reshuffling. Noda, K. (2011). 1. 302 -328). A virtue ethics approach to moral dilemmas in medicine. The strong hurricane could barely allow the fellow shift miners to rescue others at the juncture of the incidence, and this aspect probably might have required rescue experts. The study of ethics focuses on human relationships and what is considered morally correct in human... Case of death at the Massey Energy Company. Aristotle’s virtue ethics theory is important in addressing many ethical problems in business and organization management because virtue and moral character “provides the wisdom necessary for applying rules in particular instances” (Hinman, 2006). For instance, an employee should be free from exploitation or corporeal punishment imposed on his/her payments. Though the view that business has human rights responsibilities has attracted a great deal of positive attention, this view continues to face many reservations and unresolved questions. Although all the workers underwent similar situations as from the development of the story, exposing workers of organizations to hazardous working situations entails a considerable breach to denied justice. Dr Wim Vandekerckhove used two views of negative freedom – Isaiah Berlin’s and Skinner’s – to explore the struggle of a campaigning platform of trade unions and civil society organisations, in the coming about of the new EU Directive. IvyPanda. February 6, 2019. https://ivypanda.com/essays/business-ethics-utilitarianism-rights-justice-caring-and-virtue-theories/. Although less connected to the events that happened in the Upper Big Branch, there was a direct involvement of the company’s management, which the federal government considered negligent over the issues pertaining to workplace safety. Many firms also havedetailed codes of conduct, developed and enforced by teams of ethicsand compliance personnel. 6 February. Dr Opi Outhwaite opened the proceedings with a paper on government procurement, and the gap between hard law and soft law on human rights. Management within organizations has the responsibility of acting ethically upright in defense of the majority employees and all people should undertake their practice with moral consciousness of understanding that their actions are morally right (Gardiner, 2003). As the need for mutual understanding between workers and companies intensifies, organizational discourse is currently revolving around ethical business principles that are paramount for organizational success in the modern day businesses. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. It was the duty of care for the employer of Massey to protect and care for the miners drilling oil. The notion of utilitarianism became a moral philosophy in the 17th century and originated from the efforts of Western politicians to develop an ethical framework that would promote political liberalism (Robertson & Walter, 2007). “In considering the relationships, emotional sensitivities, and motivations that are unique to human society, it provides a fuller ethical analysis and encourages more flexible and creative solutions” (Gardiner, 2003, p. 297). Any human actions in bad intentions are less virtuous and unethical. Privileges involve individuals’ autonomy and diplomacy towards actions against themselves. The rescue teams did little to contain the situation as it forced them to enter the mine in turns. This position goes down to ethical business practices where in the context of the rights ethical approach, employees should receive maximum respect, dignity, and protection from any form of physical, emotional, or psychological harm coming from their jobs. Arnold et al. 1. Management in the Massey Energy Company had intentionally violated mining principles including safety violations as stipulated by the MSHA, thus putting employees susceptible to harm. Natural Rights Theory, the view that morality comes from people’s basic rights, is more like that. Ciulla (2004) assumes that since people can barely foresee the repercussions of their actions, moral judgment should entail proper application of moral principles and not upon the contingency of outcomes. Gardiner, P. (2003). About Rights Theory. Ethics of virtuous behavior in organizations assume that individuals should be honest and righteous in their actions, which should not rely on consequences of bad intentions, but virtuous acts (Gardiner, 2003). Dr Aurora Voiculescu took the series of practical examples further, focusing on an on-going project with cotton fields supply chains in Uzbekistan – the 7th cotton producer in the world. 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