Similarities between Jainism and Hinduism: 1. The Buddha always emphasizes that this life and the next rest on our Karmas. That is why while Buddhism spread all over Asia and accommodated the traditions of the local populace, Jainism remained confined to India alone. 7. Authority of Dalai Lama: Dalai Lamas are tulkus of the Gelug school of Tibetan Buddhism. The Way of Salvation and Why it is Different from what You Imagine! Learn about the comparison between Jainism and Buddhism. 2. The Jains consider it a virtue to face self-imposed suffering. Means of salvation: Hinduism - Reaching enlightenment by the Path of Knowledge, the Path of devotion, or the Path of Good Deeds. Both, Mahavira and Buddha, the founders of Jainism and Buddhism respectively were Kshatriya princes and were able to get support for their cause from the contemporary ruling class, different Kshatriya rulers and economically prosperous Vaishvas. RUDI MAIER In religion, salvation is the concept that God or another Higher Power “saves” humanity from spiritual death or eternal damnation by provid-ing for them an eternal life (or some form of afterlife). They are cultural figures and are independent of the doctrinal basis of Buddhism. Excessive importance was accorded to Brahmins. Thus, both Jainism and Buddhism were protestant religious movements. This article made a comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Salvation for a Hindu is called Moksha. In religion and theology, salvation generally refers to the deliverance of the soul from sin and its consequences. Both believed that Nirvana or salvation of an individual meant his or her deliverance from the eternal chain of birth and death. Jainism believes that everything in nature, even stone and water, has a soul of its own. Buddha had condemned certain aspects of Jainism during his lifetime. Jainism does not condemn the varna system while Buddhism does. Buddhism began as a way to address the suffering that exists in the world, and was not overly-focused on ultimate salvation. 7. They could neither read nor listen to the religious Scriptures. The concept of Ahimsa (non-violence) is different in Buddhism as compared to Jainism. 9. View of Salvation In Jainism and Hinduism salvation is the ultimate freedom from the cycle of life, death, and rebirth. 2. According to Jainism, salvation is possible only after death while according to Buddhism it is possible during one’s own life if one is able to detach oneself completely from the worldly existence. Both religions were, later on, divided into two sects. They had no idols of their gods and goddesses to worship. According to Lord Buddha, the Vedas do not play any role in the attainment of Moksha. (3) Ahimsa : Though both emphasise the principle of Ahimsa, yet Jainism is more strict in this connection. Therefore, Monier Williams is right in his conclusion when he writes, “Buddhism and Jainism were not related to each other as parent and child rather as children of common parents, born at different intervals though at about the same period of time and marked by distinct characteristics, though possessing strong family resemblances.”, Ancient Period, Comaparison, Indian History, Jainism and Buddhism, Religious Movements. The first one is that Buddhism was found by Buddha whereas Jainism is believed as to be a religion whose origin can not be traced. The superiority of the Vedas was not accepted by either of the founders. Jainism was divided into Svetambara and Digambara, and Buddhism was divided into Hinayana and Mahayana. Thus, the importance of the priestly class declined due to the influence of Buddhism. But the followers of Buddhism, whether Hinayana or Mahayana cover their bodies with suitable clothes. Buddhism does not have any faith in the existence of Soul whereas Jainism believes that the soul exists in every living being. google.com, pub-8797934119967996, DIRECT, f08c47fec0942fa0, Comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. The early Buddhist-texts were written in Pali and Jaina texts were written in Prakrat. But Buddha always kept mum on the question of God. Thus we see that Buddhism and Jainism were two independent religions in spite of some similarities and dissimilarities. The salvation depiction is also different. Buddhism and Jainism prescribe the path of karma as the only means of salvation. Soul Buddhism does not have any faith in the existence of Soul whereas Jainism believes that the soul exists in every living being. Both denied the authenticity of the Vedas as an infallible authority. Sikhism - Worship God, do Good Deeds in the name of God, performing service for community. 6. Both laid great stress upon a pure and moral life rather than practice of ritualism or even devotion to and worship of God as a means to attain salvation. Disclaimer Copyright, History Discussion - Discuss Anything About History, 6 Important Teachings of Mahavira | Jainism, Top 7 Contributions of Jainism | Indian History, Forts in India: 5 Magnificent Ancient Forts in India, Mosques in India: 15 Ancient Mosques in India. The organization of the Buddhist Sangha was far better than that of the Jain Sangha. Hinduism and Buddhism both believe in the theory of Karma and rebirth. Nirvana is a transcendental, blissful, spiritual state of nothingness--you become a Buddha. Buddhism received not only the royal support of the kings, like Ashoka and Kanishka, but also got their fun cooperation for the expansion of the religion. Hinduism is a vast religion. In Digambara sect of Jainism, it is necessary for the monks to go naked while Buddhism denounced it. Hinduism is also based on such principles. Method of attaining salvation –for Jains it was an extreme one but for the Buddhists it was a moderate or middle one. Buddhism is a polytheistic religion and it's main goal is to gain enlightenment. For a Buddhist salvation is reaching Nirvana. Jainism When the seeker for ‘liberation’ attains this goal (through ascetic practices, good deeds, righteous actions, ceremonies, sacrifices, pilgrimages and contemplation), he then begins […] Both encouraged the idea of giving up the world and urged to lead the life of an ascetic. Thus, while Jainism describes Nirvana as freedom from body. The Buddhist monks preached their religion in a systematic way, and spread their religion far and wide. Thus Buddhism was not far away from Hinduism. These similarities make it all the more clear that Buddhism was not a new faith but an offshoot of Hinduism. In Hinduism, the Vedas were regarded as divine books and storehouses of knowledge. According to Jainism, women and men householders cannot attain salvation while, according to Buddhism, it is possible for both. Following liberation one's jiva ascends to the apex of the universe to join other siddhas. The theory of Karma was subscribed to by both religions. (5) Regarding Conduct: Buddhism emphasises the eight noble piths whereas Jainism emphasises Tri Ratna. Buddha advised his followers to follow the middle path in order to attain salvation. Buddhism does not believe so. In Buddhism, more emphasis is placed on enlightenment (nirvana) rather than salvation (moksha). Thus, the source of the philosophies of both was the same though both of them made certain changes in it. However, there were some points of difference between the two religions. 10. Thus, there is no doubt that Jainism and Buddhism were and still are two distinct and independent religious sects. In Hinduism there are different ways it has been laid down to find salvation by many religious preachers. Jainism advised practice of strict asceticism to attain salvation while Buddhism advised its Upasakas to follow the middle path or Tathagata marg. Buddhism prescribes a middle path while Jainism advocates its followers to live the life of complete austerity. Therefore, their position was very strong in Hinduism. Therefore, conflicts between Jainism and Hinduism were negligible while Buddhism and Hinduism challenged each other and proved rivals to each other. Neglect of God or an atheistic attitude, pessimism or conviction that human life is full of misery, the doctrines of transmigration of soul and Karma (action or deed) and a kind of dualism between spirit and matter are common to Hindu-Sankhya philosophy, Jainism and Buddhism. He stressed the notion that man himself is the maker of his destiny and God plays no part in the attainment of Moksha. The Buddha strictly prohibited his followers from harming or injuring living beings. He himself was a Kshetriya prince who drew his inspiration from the teachings of the Upanishads.”. 5. Both Jainism and Hinduism have three paths to salvation; the path of action, the path of knowledge, and the path of devotion. Both of them preached their teachings in the spoken language and the Sanskrit language began to lose its importance. By the achievement of these steps the Buddhist experiences Nirvana, which is the salvation from the sufferings on earth and most importantly the salvation from the cycle of reincarnation. Nothing from birth to death could be done without the help of a Brahmin. Neither of the religions suggests cruel treatment and behavior towards the followers of other religions. Privacy Policy3. 2. Concept of Salvation in Different Religions - Almost people belonging to all faiths accede to the fact that attaining salvation is the end of the spiritual journey. Jainism failed to extend itself widely for want of a systematic and methodical organization. In Jainism, Nirvana means the end of human life, but in Buddhism Nirvana stands for true knowledge which enables man to free himself from the bondage of life and the cycle of birth and death. Salvation is the responsibility of the individual soul. Both Buddhism and Jainism religion gave no significance to the Vedas and Sanskrit language. Salvation cannot be attained by killing others. Confessing sins: Sin is not a Buddhist concept. Weber said, “Jains are merely the oldest sects of Buddhism.” Lassen expressed, “Jains had branched off from Buddhism.” and Mr Berth wrote, “Jainism is a sect which took rise in Buddhism.”. Similarities Between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Hinduism did not have any such organization. Salvation is achieved through three basic ingredients: right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct (also called the three jewels or the three fold path of liberation) The path to salvation, is compared in Jaina works to a ladder with its two side poles and the central rungs forming the steps. They paid their attention to the purity and piety of mind, action, and speech. Along with Hinduism and Buddhism, Jainism is one of the three ancient religious traditions and an integral part of South Asian belief and practice. 8. They were neither impediments nor helpful in the way to salvation. Welcome to HistoryDiscussion.net! 13. Buddhism is based on the teachings of Gautama Buddha, while Jainism is based on the teachings of Mahavira Apart from this, there are many similarities between Buddhism and Jainism on grounds of terminology and ethical principles, but the way they are applied is different. For the Buddhist, enlightenment is obtained through practice of the Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path. 5. 8. The entire Hindu society was very miserable. Jainism never spread beyond the frontiers of India while Buddhism spread over distant countries of Asia. Note: There are some changes in the Length and Text of the Article. People belonging to the Swetambara sect of Jainism wear white clothes, while the Digambaras accepted nudity. There are four ways to Moksha: 1. Jainism came into prominence in 6th century B.C., when Lord Mahavirapropagated the religion. 3. Jainism was confined to India but sud vivid in it Buddhism … You can find more Difference Between Articles, by visiting the linked page V.A. There are many similarities and dissimilarities between these religions. None can escape the consequences of Karma. pursue. The door of salvation was forever closed on them. Content Guidelines 2. According to Jainism and Buddhism, the Brahmins were not helpful in the way of salvation. But the views expressed above have not been accepted by modern scholars. People who practice the faith participate in different rituals, use different names and images for the deity they worship, read different sacred texts and hold different theological beliefs.Hindus, like Buddhists and Jains, believe people are reborn into another life after this one. Right from Ancient Indian History, we can see these religions have flourished in India. The Aryans and the Buddhists, both repose faith in the transmigration of soul and rebirth, which concept is based on the theory of Karma. Both possessed the background of the Aryan culture and were inspired by the ascetic ideals and the philosophy of the Upanishads, particularly that of Sankhya-Yoga. Jainism gave prominence to lay followers while Buddhism rolled mainly on the Singhal and its monks. Buddhism emphasized elimination of caste distinctions more as compared to Jainism. In the same way, the followers of Buddhism had no idols to worship. 3. The chief aim of human life is to attain Moksha. Buddhism prescribes eight noble paths for the man yet all these paths are different manifestation … The chief aim of human life is to attain Moksha by following the ethical code and leading a virtuous life. 4. The Buddha condemned the worship of images. Neither of the religions believed in animal sacrifices and Yajnas. The similarities and the distinctions between the two are as follows: 1. Thus, Buddhism and Hinduism were kept apart, regarding their attitude towards caste system. Even in Atheist Buddhism salvation exists, and although it's different from Christian salvation it's very similar to Hindu moksha or liberation, where you reach nirvana/parabrahman or the highest state of consciousness. Mahavira and Buddha were contemporaries and there was much in common between Buddhism and Jainism. Hinduism is also based on such principles. Hindus believe in the existence of God, who is Omnipotent and omnipresent. Hindus never acted like fanatics and allowed other religions to flourish. Both preached their religion in the common language of the people and discarded Sanskrit as the language of their early religious texts. This is what the Upanishads and the Vedic literature teach us. Jainism believed in non-violence in thought, word, and deed, but Buddhism did not follow it to such an extreme. Buddhism describes it as destruction of the self or detachment from worldly existence. But with the passage of time, followers of both religions began to worship idols. Though Jainism and Buddhism resembled each other very much, yet, there were and are distinctions between the two as follows: 1. 3. To reach Nirvana you must follow the Noble Eightfold Path. 4. Our mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss anything and everything about history. He considered every individual suitable for achieving salvation without any distinction of caste. During the comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism we came across many similarities and dissimilarities. They were regarded as Budva. Undoubtedly, both of these religions were in favor of Ahimsa but there was a lot of difference in the degree of its applicability. “Sal-vation… 12. The followers of Hinduism believed that in case a man intended to attain salvation, he should perform animal sacrifices and Yajnas according to the rituals. A man owns efforts and good Karmas help him in achieving salvation. The side poles of the ladder are right belief and right knowledge and the rungs or steps of the ladder are the gradual … Both religions laid stress on leading a pure and sacred life. Soteriology (/ s ə ˌ t ɪər i ˈ ɒ l ə dʒ i /; Greek: σωτηρία sōtēria "salvation" from σωτήρ sōtēr "savior, preserver" and λόγος logos "study" or "word") is the study of religious doctrines of salvation.Salvation theory occupies a place of special significance in many religions. Buddhism developed out of Hinduism in the sixth century B.C. 6. Though both did not attack the caste system, they were opposed to it and therefore, drew large converts from the lower strata of the society. TOS4. Both of them preached their teachings in the spoken language and the Sanskrit language began t0 lose its importance. He regarded them as quite useless and sheer wastage of money. What […] Neither of the religions looked favorably on a man of bad conduct and of abusive language. If the followers of Hinduism also established such an organization, Hinduism must have flourished. According to Jainism, after death, one lives in blissful abode, whereas in Hinduism, each soul will be absorbed into God. Richard Hollerman We know that there are many factors that contribute to our choice of a religion in life. The amazing, eye-opening and shocking truth about how to go to heaven! Jainism, Indian religion teaching a path to spiritual purity and enlightenment through disciplined nonviolence (ahimsa, literally ‘non-injury’) to all living creatures. In Hinduism, the form of the caste system was very rigid. Hence good deeds should be performed to attained salvation. Like Buddhism, Jainism preaches nonviolence as the method to achieve salvation, but the conditions that led to rise of Jainism were the same that led to the rise of Buddhism and thus Jainism also rejected Vedic superiority. Both Buddhism and Jainism religions gave no significance to the Vedas and Sanskrit language. The man reaps what he sows. Hinduism had a deep faith in animal sacrifices and Yajnas. Because of striking resemblances between the two, certain scholars have opined that Jainism owes its origin to Buddhism or Jainism is only a branch of Buddhism. Thus both religions lay stress upon attaining salvation. The Jaina concept of soul is different from that of Buddhism. Thus, while Jainism describes Nirvana as freedom from body. Buddhism is a polytheistic religion and it's main goal is to gain enlightenment. Jainism doctrine sayings- Jainism believe about salvation comparative study between buddhism and Jainism: definition meaning by Vijay Kumar...The Man who Realized God in 1993! Jainism recognized the existence of god while Buddhism did not. 15. This code is based on the Five Vows (articulated in the foundational work, the Tattvartha Sutra ): Both were started by the members of the Kshatriya caste and both appealed to the socially down-trodden, the Vaishvas who were not granted social status corresponding to their growing economic power, and the Sudras who were definitely oppressed. Salvation (from Latin: salvatio, from salva, 'safe, saved') is the state of being saved or protected from harm or a dire situation. Salvation, freedom from the cycle of birth and reincarnation. Unlike Christianity, where Jesus is the saviour who helps your soul to achieve salvation, in Buddhism, salvation is achieved through self-restraint and discipline, along with meditation. But the Buddha denounced the futility of both. Both these religions raised a voice against the shortcomings of Hinduism and gained ground. That is why, while Mahavira has been regarded as a reformer of an already existing religion, the Buddha has been regarded the originator of a new one. The Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path are the best means to minimize the negative effects of karma and work for salvation. Both were the products of intellectual, spiritual and social forces of their age and therefore, both stood up as revolts against the prevalent Brahmanical religion. But, while Jainism is still a living force in India Buddhism has practically vanished from the land of its birth. Dissimilarities between Hinduism and Buddhism. Both organised orders for monks and nuns. Unlike Buddhism, Jainism believes karma is not a mere effect on one’s action but a real substance that flows into each individual body or jiva (soul). But Gautama Buddha preached equality of all mankind. that said, you can be an atheist and be … While Jainism emphasized it very much, Buddhism remained liberal in its interpretation in foreign countries, and even permitted eating of animal flesh where it was a necessity or traditional diet of the people. Jainism failed to receive the patronage of such great rules. (4) Soul: Buddhists do not believe in the existence of soul whereas Jainism believes the existence of soul in every living being. But Buddhism adopted animal sacrifice with great force. The superiority of the Vedas was not accepted by either of the founders. Thus, Buddhism does not give great importance to Ahimsa as in Jainism. 9. 11. Also, he condemns animal sacrifices at the time of Yajnas. The Aryans use to take meat but it was considered a sin to kill an animal in Buddhism. According to Jaina traditions it had twenty-four Tirthankaras and Mahavira was the last of them. Both religions had divergent opinions about the existence of God. This partly explains the reason of their common place of origin and publicity’. Both accepted the doctrines of the transmigration of soul and Karma and emphasized the effects of good and bad Karmas (deeds) upon an individual’s future births and ultimate salvation which was accepted as the highest goal of life. In practice, Jainism remained closer to Hinduism than Buddhism. Though the Buddha teaches his disciples not to kill any animal, yet he allowed his disciples to take meat under certain conditions. He then becomes one with God. Smith writes, “The two systems whether regarded as philosophies or religions are essentially different.” They even proved rivals to each other during and after the lifetime of their founders. Buddhism describes it as destruction of the self or detachment from worldly existence. 14. Sanskrit was supposed to be the language of Gods and Angels, and too much importance was given to the Sanskrit language. You may have been born in India and was raised in a devout Hindu family. The principle of Ahimsa was recognized by both religions. Buddhism emphasized the organisation of Sanghas more as compared to Jainism. Jainism is also a polytheistic religion and it's goals are based on non-violence and liberation the soul. As Hinduism was becoming rigid day by day, people began to hate the bloody Yajnas and religious dogmas. Yet, the Buddhist concept of Ahimsa is more affirmative as compared to that of Jainism. The missionary spirit of the monks proved advantageous for the spread of Buddhism. Buddhism emphasized love to all beings which is a more positive virtue as compared to the concept of non-injury to all beings of Jainism. The Hindus of the Vedic period were worshippers of nature. In Hinduism there is no one single, definite and clear path to salvation. However, Lord Buddha adopted the spoken language as the medium of his preaching and all the Buddhist literature was written in Pali. Dissimilarities Between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism. Though there were many similarities and comparisons between Jainism and Buddhism, yet they differ from each other in many respects. group), whereas Hinduism was based on sacrifices. No Belief in Animal Sacrifices and the Yajnas. They always discouraged the performance of expensive animal sacrifices and Yajnas. Buddhism proved more adaptable to circumstances as compared to Jainism. But Buddha never recommended such self-sufferings or fasting for a long time. Gautama Buddha condemned the caste system, and he put his faith in the equality of mankind. The academic study of salvation is called soteriology This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Buddhism is centered upon the life and teachings of Gautama Buddha, whereas Jainism is centered on the life and teachings of Mahavira. Both opposed the ritualism and the sacrifices of Brahmanism and also challenged the supremacy of the Brahmanas. It explains the bad karma as the cause of suffering while good karma leads to salvation. Of course, there are similarities between the two but the basic difference between the philosophies of the two provides each of them a place of distinct religion. Gautama Buddha had no intention to establish a new religion. There were certain points of resemblance and comparison between Hinduism, Buddhism, and Jainism which are as follows: Buddhism teaches a man to lead a virtuous life. Salvation has been termed the major theme of the Bible (Selman and Manser 2002: s.v. 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