This is, of course, not the complete picture of what causes cancer. 36 Soots: Coal dust, principally from the burning of coal, had contributed to a specific chimney sweep cancer that was prevalent in the 19th century. It may also increase the risk of cancers of the larynx (voice box) and pharynx (upper throat). Ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices The full list of human carcinogens can be found the American Cancer Society website. Formaldehyde is used in many beauty products as a preservative and antibacterial agent. Carcinogens (substances that cause cancer) are around us every day. Potent carcinogens found in cigarette smoke include polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH, such as benzo(a)pyrene), benzene, and nitrosamine. How to Make It… (video), Wisconsin Company Will Microchip Their Employees During a “Chip Party”, Ultraviolet-emitting tanning devices cancer. Tobacco smoke carcinogens, DNA damage and p53 mutations in. X-radiation and gamma radiation: sometimes x-rays are given when not medically necessary. A study found there to be an excess of bladder tumours among men engaged in the manufacture of auramine, through inhaling harmful agents, such as formaldehyde and sulphur, during the manufacturing process. Examples include: 1. 42 Aristolochic acids and plants containing them, 50 Chlornapazine (N,N-Bis(2-chloroethyl)-2-naphthylamine), 54 1,4-Butanediol dimethanesulfonate (Busulphan, Myleran), 57 Methyl-CCNU (1-(2-Chloroethyl)-3-(4-methylcyclohexyl)-1-nitrosourea; Semustine), 60 Contraceptives, hormonal, combined forms (those containing both oestrogen and a progestogen), 61 Contraceptives, oral, sequential forms of hormonal contraception (a period of oestrogen-only followed by a period of both oestrogen and a progestogen), 72 Etoposide alone and in combination with cisplatin and bleomycin, 76 Hepatitis B virus (chronic infection with), 77 Hepatitis C virus (chronic infection with), 78 Herbal remedies containing plant species of the genus Aristolochia, 79 Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (infection with), 80 Human papillomavirus type 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 45, 51, 52, 56, 58, 59 and 66, 81 Human T-cell lymphotropic virus type-I, 83 Methoxsalen (8-Methoxypsoralen) plus ultraviolet A-radiation, 84 4,4’-methylene-bis(2-chloroaniline) (MOCA), 85 MOPP and other combined chemotherapy including alkylating agents, 90 4-(N-Nitrosomethylamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK), 92 Opisthorchis viverrini (infection with), 94 Particulate matter in outdoor air pollution, 96 Plutonium-239 and its decay products (may contain plutonium-240 and other isotopes), as aerosols, 97 Radioiodines, short-lived isotopes, including iodine-131, from atomic reactor accidents and nuclear weapons detonation (exposure during childhood), 98 Radionuclides, α-particle-emitting, internally deposited, 99 Radionuclides, β-particle-emitting, internally deposited, 104 Schistosoma haematobium (infection with), 105 Silica, crystalline (inhaled in the form of quartz or cristobalite from occupational sources), 109 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-para-dioxin, 110 Thiotepa (1,1’,1”-phosphinothioylidynetrisaziridine), 111 Thorium-232 and its decay products, administered intravenously as a colloidal dispersion of thorium-232 dioxide, Processed meats rank alongside smoking as cancer causes – WHO, How bad is meat for me? Thiotepa is an alkylating cancer drug. Formaldehyde is also found in some vaccines. Hazelwood coal mines in Morwell, Australia. Well, chimney sweeping, salted fish and fracking also appear on the list compiled by the International Agency for Research on Cancer, Last modified on Wed 14 Feb 2018 18.20 GMT. Aflatoxins 5. Ortho-toluidine, used to make rubber chemicals, pesticides, and dyes, has been reevaluated and is now listed as a kno… 22 Alcoholic beverages: Alcoholic beverage consumption is a cause of breast, colorectal, larynx, liver, oesophagus, oral cavity and pharynx cancers, and as a probable cause of pancreatic cancer, as classified by the IARC. Always get natural household cleaners. Azathioprine is a pharmaceutical used for arthritis, Crohn’s disease, and ulcerative colitis. The Report on Carcinogens is a congressionally mandated, science-based, public health document that NTP prepares for the HHS Secretary. 38 Wood dust: Awareness of wood dust as a carcinogen and cause of nasal cancer is on the rise. It is important to petition for and buy foods made from crops that are treated with only natural substances that do not hide health hazards whenever possible. There are over 100 known or Group 1 carcinogens and many more probable or possible carcinogens. 1. These foods can be very high in nitrates and nitrites, which react with protein to form nitrosamines. We might not notice every time a cell is damaged, but it can end up causing problems. Any time a cell has to repair itself or grow a new cell, there is a small chance of the cell mutating into cancerous cells. most abundant ones, tar, nicotine carbon monoxide are at the bottom of this list: It is a known carcinogen, especially for lung and skin cancers.. .. The 2016 edition lists 62 known human carcinogens and includes descriptions of the process for preparing the science-based report and the criteria used to list a substance as a carcinogen. A large number of known carcinogens are found in cigarette smoke. 1. Cancer can be caused if a carcinogen damages a person’s DNA cells to the point of being irreparable. 12 Haematite mining (underground) with exposure to radon: Mining hematite, an underground source of iron, workers are simultaneously exposed to radon – a radioactive carcinogen, which can cause a large increase in the risk of lung cancer. 3 Aluminium production: Increased lung and bladder cancer risks have been reported in workers in aluminium reduction plants. This includes smoking and chewing it as well as inhaling second-hand tobacco smoke. Learn how potential carcinogens are tested and classified, find lists of known and possible carcinogens, and learn about cancer clusters. It is known to cause increased risk of mouth and oesophageal cancer. Diesel exhaust produced during the operation of diesel powered vehicles and plant, for example a diesel powered forklift left idling indoors when loading or unloading. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons found in fossil fuel products or formed from incomplete combustion of organic matter, su… 13 Secondhand smoke: Otherwise known as passive smoking, a non-smoker’s risk of getting lung cancer can increase by a quarter by breathing in other people’s smoke. 11 Furniture and cabinet making: Furniture makers are shown to have a statistical increase in nasal cancer risk, with excessive exposure to wood dust, according to studies. Alcoholic beverages Ethanol (in alcoholic drinks) Tobacco, smokeless Tobacco smoke, secondhand Tobacco smoking Vinyl chloride is used to make a polymer for plastic products such as packaging materials, wire insulation, and pipes. Deaths such as bladder cancer and leukaemia in such cases could have been from an exposure to benzene – a chemical at high levels that can cause cancer and found in paint production – mixed with other organic solvents. Handily, the International Agency for Research on Cancer – a body that collects and publishes cancer figures worldwide – has a list of the 116 substances and activities (for some of them are more verb than noun) that are now considered to cause cancer. Alcoholic beverages 6. Lindane: pharmaceutical products including a shampoo used to treat lice and scabies Melphalan: chemotherapy drug Semustine: chemotherapy drug Estrogen-progestogen oral contraceptives Sulfur mustard: formerly used in warfare, now is a cancer drug under the names of Mechlorethamine and Mustargen Tamoxifen is a drug used to treat breast cancer. Wikimedia Commons has media related to IARC Group 1 carcinogens The main article for this category is List of IARC Group 1 Agents - Carcinogenic to humans . But cancer can also be caused by inherited genetic mutations. Silica dust: is dust that is created during construction when working with concrete, drywall, masonry, and some countertops, and can lead to lung cancer. The good news is – there are significantly more things that are not carcinogenic or capable of healing the body and defective cells, than there are those that are carcinogenic. These chemicals can damage DNA. 37 Smokeless tobacco products: Tobacco chewed as a stimulant, sometimes with other leaves such as betel, is specifically linked to cancers of the larynx and the mouth. Wood dusts produced when timber is cut, sanded or machined. eval(ez_write_tag([[970,250],'althealthworks_com-box-4','ezslot_5',102,'0','0']));Aflatoxins: these are fungi toxins that are used on crops. Benzene, acrylamide, and formaldehyde are all listed by the IARC as human carcinogens. Formaldehyde is a Group 1 carcinogen that gets into your indoor air two main ways. The colourless, flammable chemical compound with a strong odour has a wide variety of industrial, household and pharmaceutical uses. When analyzing carcinogenetic foods or toxins, WHO uses five groups for classification: Group 1: Carcinogenic to humans Acid mists, strong inorganic 4. Acetaldehyde: this carcinogen is produced in the liver after it breaks down alcohol, and is greatly responsible for feeling hangover. It is used as a base for coatings and paint, in roofing and paving, and as a binder in asphalt products. Asbestos (… The IARC splits the list into three categories, which it calls “exposure circumstances”, “mixtures” and “agents”. Acetaldehyde (from consuming alcoholic beverages) 2. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, 4770 Buford Hwy NE, Atlanta, GA 30341 Contact CDC: 800-232-4636 / TTY: 888-232-6348 18 Paving and roofing with coal-tar pitch: Paving with coal tar and coal-tar pitch may contain many chemical compounds, including carcinogens such as benzene. Carcinogens may cause cancer by altering cellular metabolism or damaging DNA directly in cells, which interferes with normal biological processes. Some carcinogens directly modify DNA to create cancer, while others cause cells to multiply at a faster than normal rate, increasing the chances of mutation. Cooking and processing foods can produce carcinogens. And even then, all carcinogenic items have different levels of toxicity and may never cause cancer unless the person’s body is absorbing a high number of these carcinogens, whether it is through food, chemicals, or environmental pollution. It is commonly found in rice, apple juice, and chicken. Generally, workplace exposures are considered to be at higher levels than for public exposures. It can also be found in cigarette fillers. 29 Diesel exhaust: There is a cancer risk from inhaling exhaust fumes produced by a diesel internal combustion engine. Arsenic is known to cause skin cancer, and linked to causing liver, lung, kidney, and bladder cancer. Here are some of the most common carcinogens, and how to avoid them. Certain carcinogens, for example, do not directly lead to DNA damage; however, they can lead to more rapid cell division that increases the chances of mutation. It was ranked as dangerous as tobacco in October 2015 by the World Health Organisation (WHO), with specific links to bowel cancer. A list of known human carcinogens by The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) – a part of the World Health Organization (WHO) – comes in handy. FDA Bans 3 Cancer-Causing Chemicals, Ignores Dozens More – Here Are the Products You Need to Avoid, The Rainbow You Should Never Eat! 35 Shale oils: The development of shale gas, including fracking, may release toxic chemicals into air, water and soil during the process. 3. Life is about what happens before that | JC Johnson, ‘It’s scaremongering’: the world’s meatiest places react to WHO report, Food industry greets cancer links with a shrug – it's been here before, Addictive and probably carcinogenic: scientist reveals dangers of Daily Mail | Dean Burnett, Health threat of sugar is vastly underestimated, study claims. 9 Coal tar distillation: Derived from coal, coal-tar pitch is a thick black liquid that remains after the distillation of coal tar. In industry, there are many potential exposures to carcinogens. The following is a list of substances NIOSH considers to be potential occupational carcinogens.A number of the carcinogen classifications deal with groups of substances: aniline and homologs, chromates, dintrotoluenes, arsenic and inorganic arsenic compounds, beryllium and beryllium compounds, cadmium compounds, nickel compounds, and crystalline forms of silica. 4 Arsenic in drinking water: The highly toxic chemical which is used to make certain alloys used in the manufacturing industry, can get into the drinking water supply, particularly in ground water. Carcinogenic foods are the source of a substance called carcinogen. The World Health Organisation said processed meats are among the most carcinogenic substances along with cigarettes, alcohol, sunbeds and arsenic. Exposures in the iron and steel founding industry are complex and include a wide variety of known genotoxic and carcinogenic substances including metals and formaldehyde. Benzene, acrylamide, and formaldehyde are all listed by the IARC as human carcinogens. Examples can include chemicals, medical or environmental radiation, some viruses, lifestyle factors, and even some medications. What we are looking at is group 1, because all items in it are almost 100% proven to be carcinogenic. Examples include ham, bacon and sausages. Formaldehyde. Check the labels on those products to see if this chemical is present. Chemicals used in fracking are known to be of concern and have been linked to an increased risk of cancer. Wood dust: follow safety guidelines when working with wood, decorative hardwood veneer, plywood and engineered wood flooring. eval(ez_write_tag([[728,90],'althealthworks_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_6',124,'0','0']));When analyzing carcinogenetic foods or toxins, WHO uses five groups for classification: Group 1: Carcinogenic to humans Group 2A: Probably carcinogenic to humans Group 2B: Possibly carcinogenic to humans Group 3: Unclassifiable as to carcinogenicity in humans Group 4: Probably not carcinogenic to humans. 16 Magenta dye manufacturing: The production of magenta dyes – purplish-red in colour and among the first synthetic dyes to be produced in the 1850s – has chemicals linked to bladder cancer. Simply because a substance has been designated as a carcinogen, however, does not mean that the substance will necessarily cause cancer. IARC also produces science-based reports on substances that can increase the risk of cancer in humans. General Information about Carcinogens What cancer patients, their families, and caregivers need to know about the coronavirus . As the cancer rates have continued to rise to 1-in-2 for men, and 1-in-3 for women, I have personally seen many people hopelessly say, “Everything now causes cancer.”. Jul 13, 2015 Experts say that cigarette smoke contains over 4000 different compounds. Peanut and shrimp by themselves are safe, but it’s the present of specific chemicals in them that can make them carcinogenic. 8 Coal gasification: Studies of the cancer levels of workers who had occupational exposure to coal gasification – when coal is reacted with oxygen, steam and carbon dioxide to form a gas – showed there to be an excess of lung cancer. 28 Indoor emissions from household combustion of coal: Coal is one of the most well-known carcinogens in the public consciousness, due to the prevalence of cancer in miners. 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